The Pole and the Hyperborean Region (RATMW 24)


Chapter 24

The Pole and the Hyperborean Region


 In chapter 24 of Revolt Against the Modern World, Julius Evola provides a brief overview of the notion of polar/hyperborean region as the origin of higher mankind in the myths of different traditional cultures around the world. The references are either to a place that lies “higher” or surrounded by water; besides this, there are also legends and data indicating an origin and center of the world (in the spiritual sense) up North.

“Aryan texts from India, such as the Vedas and the Mahābhārata preserve the memory of the Artic seat through astronomical and calendar-related allusions that cannot be understood other than through an actual reference to such a seat.”

—Julius Evola, Revolt Against the Modern World, Chapter 24: ‘The Pole and the Hyperborean Region’

It is important, however, to distinguish between legends containing this Artic theme, which Evola calls ‘the mystery of the North’, from those that make allusions to an Atlantic theme, which Evola calls ‘the mystery of the West’, because although related and often confused, they have different origins and overall meanings. The first cycle is supposed to have come to an end because of a tilting of the axis of the earthand was followed by a second cycle which Evola terms “the Atlantic cycle”, because of the dominance of a (now) West-oriented origin/center of spiritual/higher mankind.

Here follows a summary table of some of the references that Evola makes to different traditions regarding this idea.

India References in the Kūrma Purāṇa [1] [2] [3] and the Padma Purāṇa [1] [2]. (All 18 Major Puranas)
China References in Lieh-tzu. [1] [2]
Iran/Persia References in the Vendidad. [1]
Scandinavia References in Gylfaginning. [1] [2] [3]
Tibet In the memory of Tshang Shambhala. [1]
Quiches In the memory of Tulla, the region of light: “When they [the four primordial ancestors] get there they only find ice; also, the sun seldom appears.” [1]
Toltecs In the memory of Tula/Tullan, the original homeland of the Toltecs’ forefathers.
Azetecs In the memory of the region of Aztlan. [1]
Greece In the memory of the region of Thule.

The interested reader may also want to reference The Artic Home of the Vedas by Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

1 Julius Evola here references the writings of Lieh-tzu who “describes the myth of the giant Kung-Kung who shatters the ‘column of heaven,'”. Revolt Against the Modern World, Chapter 24, page 189

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