The Civilization of the Mother (RATMW 27)


Chapter 27

The Civilization of the Mother


As if answering to my own doubts and questions, the next chapter in Julius Evola’s Revolt Against the Modern Wold deals with further details of what he terms “The Civilization of the Mother”. Such a type of civilization is seen as the mark of the second cycle, the Silver Age, and is characterized by the preponderance of the feminine seen as the generative principle of all reality. In this view, every single manifested and differentiated entity and object is a son or daughter of the Great Mother of All.

The description itself is an umbrella term to refer to a particular aspect of civilizations. Moreover, Evola considers it a decisive aspect that determines much of the character of the society and spirit that arises from it. Most people will probably not see through this esoteric conceptualization too clearly because it requires an analysis that sees in several dimensions rather than being restricted to linear modes of thinking or reliant on the pseudo science of trying to explain culture and civilization through simplistic mathematical formulas.

It is of paramount importance to point out that this Civilization of the Mother, which is closely linked to Atlantic civilization and Southern tendencies, is of a higher quality and thinking than the gross naturalistic cults with which we are acquainted today and we hear talked about when academics refer to the matriarchies of prehistory.

“Indeed, the general symbol of the Silver Age and of the Atlantic cycle was not a demonically telluric or a coarsely naturalistic symbol (as in the case of the cycle of the coarse prehistoric feminine idols), but one in which the feminine principle was elevated to a higher form, almost like in the ancient symbol of the Moon as a purified or heavenly Earth (ούράνιη αιθερίη λη)1, and as such, ruling over anything terrestrial; a spiritual or moral authority was therefore bestowed upon feminity over purely material and physical virile instincts and qualities”

—Julius Evola, Revolt Against the Modern World, Chapter 27: ‘The Civilization of the Mother’

The cults and myths alluded to include all of those with a strict relation to fertility, which later became mixed up and which we have received in confusion with older solar-Hyperborean concepts of warrior-like striving. The Southern tends towards the chthonic, the underground and the unconscious and contrasts with the ascendence to higher levels of super-human consciousness and instead seeks a reconnection with an unknown and more primitive side of human nature.

“The Mothers presided over the subterranean world and the occult, conceived of in terms of the night and darkness and in opposition to coelum2, which also suggests the generic idea of the invisible, though in its higher, luminous, and heavenly aspect.”

—Julius Evola, Revolt Against the Modern World, Chapter 27: ‘The Civilization of the Mother’

There is, furthermore, a marked connection between the nature of the Mother civilizations and the idea of equality and communism. Realizing it puts Julius Evola’s description and critique of modern secular civilization and society into context so that we understand that he is not simply being misogynistic when he speaks abhorrently of the effeminate character of the now globalized tendencies towards social justice and promiscuity of deeper values. But he does make clear that here is also a great loss of meaning that progressively gets worse from the ancient Silver Age to our current Dark Age of materialism in its worse manifestation.

While the old Civilization of the Mother could not be said to be pacifist and was indeed very martial despite its preponderance of feminine symbols and it represented and elevation of woman to a divine status, later manifestations of decadence tended towards the lazy and cowardly pacifism accompanied by promiscuity as gross interpretations of what where previously symbols and metaphors. This tendency was, however, already present in and seems to be a general characteristic of Southern, Mother Nature worship systems.

“Effective forms of gynaecocracy developed in those places where the symbol became reality.”

—Julius Evola, Revolt Against the Modern World, Chapter 27: ‘The Civilization of the Mother’

1 Greek: ‘Heavenly-Ethereal/Empyreal States’.

2 Latin: ‘Heaven’ .

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